Minoxidil is a directly acting vasodilator, which was used as an antihypertensive agent in rare cases of refractory hypertension. In the present times, it is more commonly used as a topical application in alopecia. There are only a few reported cases in literature of poisoning due to ingestion of topical minoxidil.
What are the negative effects of minoxidil?
- Acne at site of application.
- burning of scalp.
- facial hair growth.
- increased hair loss.
- inflammation or soreness at root of hair.
- reddened skin.
- swelling of face.
Is minoxidil toxic to humans?
Minoxidil is an antihypertensive direct vasodilator that can cause severe toxicity when sufficiently ingested.
Is using minoxidil safe?
Minoxidil is a Health Canada and US FDA-approved medication for hair loss in men and women. The drug is marketed as 2% and 5% topical solutions. This over-the-counter product is considered safe, but should be used with caution. Furthermore, minoxidil is an orally active vasodilator for treatment of severe hypertension.
Is minoxidil bad for the heart?
Heart function warning: Minoxidil can cause poor heart function or worsen existing heart problems. Your doctor will monitor you for this. Doctors usually prescribe other medications, such as water pills (diuretics) and beta-adrenergic blocking drugs, with minoxidil to help prevent heart problems.
Has anyone died from minoxidil?
One patient died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. One of the subjects who was using extemporaneous topical minoxidil had hypertension and arteriosclerotic disease and the other died of a myocardial infarction.
What if minoxidil goes in mouth?
If by accident it gets into your eyes, nose, or mouth, flush them with lots of cool water. If you accidentally swallow this medicine, get emergency medical care immediately. Wash your hands after each use.
When should you not use minoxidil?
This medication is not used for sudden/patchy hair loss, unexplained hair loss (for example, if you have no family history of hair loss), or hair loss after giving birth.Do not use this product if you are 18 years old or younger.
Does minoxidil affect sperm?
There is accumulating evidence that it negatively impacts male fertility. You may instead use topical minoxidil (Rogaine), which has no known negative effects on male fertility.
Is it safe to use minoxidil long term?
In most cases, Minoxidil is safe for long term use. Here’s what you need to know: Side effects with Minoxidil are limited and will subside when you stop taking the medication. Some patients may experience mild scalp irritation.
Is there an alternative to minoxidil?
Are There Over-the-Counter Alternatives to Minoxidil? As it currently stands, Rogaine (minoxidil) and Propecia (finasteride) are the only hair loss treatments approved by the FDA. Unlike minoxidil, finasteride works by inhibiting 5AR. As a result, less DHT is produced.